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8.28

stem

v.

  • to stop sth that is flowing from spreading or increasing

stem from sth.

  • to be the result of sth

speculate -> speculation

v.

  • to form an opinion about sth. without knowing all the details or facts
    • We all speculated about the reasons for her resignation.
  • to buy goods, property, shares, etc., hoping to make a profit when you sell them but with the risk of losing money
    • He likes to speculate on the stock market.

underpin -> underpinning

v.

  • to support or form the basis of an argument, a claim, etc.
    • The report is underpinned by extensive research.
    • The act was an attempt to preserve the sound underpinnings that existed in the market.
  • to support a wall by putting metal, concrete, etc. under it

interim

adj.

  • intended to last for only a short time until sb/sth more permanent is found
    • an interim government
  • (finance) calculated before the final results of sth are known

outlook

n.

  • the attitude of life and the world of a particular person, group or culture
    • He had a practical outlook on life.
  • the probable future for sb. or sth.; what is likely to happen
    • The outlook for jobs is bleak(暗淡).
    • the country’s economic outlook
  • a view from a particular place
    • The house has a pleasant outlook over the valley.

prudent

  • sensible and careful when you make judgements or decisions; avoiding unnecessary risks
    • It might be more prudent to get a second opinion before going ahead.

point up

  • to bring attention to something, to highlight or emphasize something
    • The speaker pointed up the importance of improving public education.

in that

  • used to introduce a statement that explains or gives more specific information about what one has just said
    • The book is good, in that it’s well written.

contend

  • to say that sth is true, especially in an argument

preoccupied

  • thinking or worrying continuously about sth so that you do not pay attention to other things
    • He was too preoccupied with his own thoughts to notice anything wrong.

cumbersome

  • large and heavy, difficult to carry
    • cumbersome machinery
  • slow and complicated
  • (of words or phrases) long or complicated

strain

n.

  • pressure on sb/sth because they have too much to do or manage, or sth very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry or anxiety that this produces
    • Their marriage is under great strain at the moment.
  • physical pressure
  • an injury to a part of your body
  • a particular type of plant or animal, or of a disease

post a great threat to

  • Worse, the viruses that pose the greatest threat might be hardest to grow in eggs.

8.29

Listening Contest

Finished a set of 4 texts, with an accuracy of 13/15.

neck and neck with sb.

level with sb in a race or competition

break the mold -> break the stereotype

relentless

  • not stopping or getting less strong
    • her relentless pursuit of perfection
  • refusing to give up or be less strict or severe

municipal

  • connected with or belonging to a town, city or district that has its own local government

Reading Contest

Finished a set of 3 passages, with an accuracy of 26/30.

dispense

  • to give out sth to people
    • The machine dispenses a range of drinks and snacks.
  • to provide sth, especially a service to people
  • to prepare medicine and give it to people

dispense with sb/sth

  • to stop using sb/sth because you no longer need them or it
    • Debit cards dispense with the need for cash altogether.

render

v.

  • to cause sb/sth to be in a particular state or condition
  • to give sb sth, especially in return for sth or because it is expected
    • They rendered assistance to the disaster victims.
  • to present sth, especially when it is done officially
  • to express or perform sth

agreeable

  • pleasant and easy to like
    • We spent a most agreeable day together.
  • willing to do sth or allow sth
    • Do you think they will be agreeable to our proposal?
  • able to be accepted by sb (agreeable to sb)

assume

  • to think of accept that sth is true without having proof of it
  • to take or begin to have power or responsibility
    • Rebel forces have assumed control of the capital.
  • to begin to have a particular quality or appearance
    • This matter has assumed considerable importance.
  • to pretend to have a particular feeling or quality
    • He assumed an air of concern.

confer

  • to discuss with sb, in order to exchange opinions or get advice
    • He wanted to confer with his colleagues before reaching a conclusion.
  • to give sb an award, a university degree or a particular honor or right

8.30

Listening Contest

Finished a set of 4 listening materials, with an accuracy of 14/15.